Categories
General

Nation states as global health actors

Nation states play a central role in global governance for health. Their main role includes governance of their own health and care services, health protection, research and monitoring, and the management of the national and global impact of their policy actions. It is increasingly being realized that good governance of health necessarily requires attention to […]

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General

Developing countries

In the 1950s and 1960s, the world could be divided, on the one hand, into a small group of rich ‘developed’ countries with functioning social welfare systems, small families and good health outcomes and a larger group of ‘developing’ countries with low incomes, poor education and health services, high birth rates, poor health and low […]

Categories
General

Organizations for cooperation between countries

Over the past 20 years, organizations and networks among groups of countries have played an important role in global diplomacy. They are now increasingly important in establishing the context for policy on global issues including international financial stability and global health. Broadly speaking, these collectives can be identified as those supporting cooperation amongst industrialized countries, […]

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General

Global governance

Governance describes how societies structure policy responses to the challenges they face. Governance involves government, but the two terms are not synonymous because governance often occurs outside the formal state-based institutional and legal arrangements that characterize governments. Thus, within nation states, regional and local government, and civil society and business institutions are recognized as playing […]

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Values

A summary of the European approach to global health

In summary, a European approach to global health must reflect European values for the protection and improvement of health as: a human right, a key to human security and development and a focus for global governance. A human right and associated European health values of: solidarity universality access to quality care equity (with special regard […]

Categories
Values

Action and research on European values for global health

This first section of the European global health policy glossary is intended to provide a basis for developing a joint programme for action and research on European values for global health. Contributions, corrections, links and updates are all welcome. The action and research issues raised include: assessment of the determinants of global health and their […]

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Values

Shaping the European approach

The European approach to global health has been shaped by three main developments: An increasing awareness of global responsibilities and obligations stimulated by global civil society (including radical social movements, different types of non-governmental organizations and religious groups). Health as a human right has been identified as one of the most important human rights and the importance […]

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Values

European health values

European health values are the distinctive set of beliefs about health rights and obligations that reflect European history and identity. Article 6 of the Treaty on European Union states that the union is “founded on the principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law, principles which are […]

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Values

Europe, gender inequality and global health

European countries have played a leading role in promoting a gender-sensitive approach to health. Women’s health has substantial implications for economic development and growth. There is evidence, from various studies, that women’s well-being and literacy boosts economic growth and improves population health. Women are custodians of the health of family members and community, and play an […]

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Values

Europe and human security

The European Commission and EU member states have undertaken a programme of work in the field of health security overseen by the Health Security Committee. The Commission supports collaboration with the Global Health Security Initiative, launched in 2001 by the G-7 group of nations, Mexico and the European Union. At the December 2008 meeting in Brussels […]